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  1. Russia ‘successfully’ tested hypersonic missile
  • Recently, Russia tests its hypersonic missile after U.S. President Donald Trump announced plans to pull out of a key Cold War-era nuclear weapons pact.

Related Information

Mach Number

  • It is the ratio of the speed of a body to the speed of sound in the surrounding medium.
  • Subsonic if Mach no. < 0.8
    Transonic If Mach no. lies between 0.8 and 1.2
    Supersonic If Mach no. lies between 1.2 and 5.0
    Hypersonic If Mach no. lies between 5.0 and 10.0

Cruise Missile

  • A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remain in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
  • Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high precision.
  • Cruise missiles can also be launched from air and fly within Earth’s atmosphere

Ballistic missile

  • A ballistic missile is a missile that follows a ballistic trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target.
  • An intercontinental ballistic missile trajectory consists of three parts-
    (a) The powered flight portion
    (b) The free-flight portion- constitutes most of the flight time
    (c) The re-entry phase- where the missile re-enters the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • Ballistic missiles can be launched from fixed sites or mobile launchers, including vehicles (e.g., transporter erector launchers (TELs)), aircraft, ships, and submarines.

Types of  hypersonic missile used by different countries

  1. 3M22 Zircon Russia Hypersonic anti-ship cruise missile.
  2. BrahMos-II (~300 km) India/Russia is a hypersonic missile currently under development in India and Russia.
  3. High-Speed Strike Weapon missile based on Boeing X-51- United States
  4. Kh-90 (3,000–4,000 km) Soviet Union/Russia is a hypersonic air-to-surface cruise missile developed in 1990 by the USSR and later by Russia.

Topic- GS Paper 3 – Defence

Source- The Hindu

  1. Telangana, Andhra Pradesh to get separate High Courts
  • President issued orders constituting a separate High Court for Andhra Pradesh with effect from January 1, 2019.
  • The High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad will now become the High Court for Telangana.
  • The judges have also been allocated for the High Courts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
  • The translocation of judges also takes from Andhra Pradesh to Telangana.

HIGH COURT

  • There shall be a High Court in each State (Art- 214) but Parliament has the power to establish a common High Court for two or more States.
  • The High Court stands at the head of the Judiciary in the State.
  • Important Articles:
    Appointment (Art- 217),
    The transfer from one High Court to another (Art- 222),
    Removal (Art-217(1)),
    Determination of dispute as to age (Art. 217(3)) of Judges of High Courts etc.
  • Now the power to transfer of the High Court Judges remains no more a method of control over the High Court by the Union Government as the Supreme Court has prescribed a procedure for the purpose in a Reference made by the President of India in the exercise of his powers under Art. 143.
  • The Supreme Court opined that the Chief Justice of India should obtain the views of the Chief justice of the High Court from which the proposed transfer is to be effected as also that of the Chief Justice of the High Court to which the transfer is to be effected.
  • The high courts are the principal civil courts of original jurisdiction in each state and union territory.
  • However, a high court exercises its original civil and criminal jurisdiction only if the subordinate courts are not authorized by law to try such matters for lack of pecuniary, territorial jurisdiction.
  • High courts may also enjoy original jurisdiction in certain matters if so designated specifically in a state or federal law.

Topic- GS Paper 2 – Governance

Source- The Hindu

  1. Atal Ayushman Uttarakhand Yojana
  • Atal Ayushman Uttarakhand Yojana’ has been launched by the Uttarakhand government.
  • This yojana is inspired by the Centre’s ‘Ayushmaan Bharat’ scheme.
  • Under the scheme, each household in the state will be able to avail medical treatment of up to 5 lakh rupees annually.
  • The MoU signed between Government and private hospitals for free of cost OPD facilities will be available for children and elderly people in the state.

Related Information

Ayushman Bharat

  • The Government announced two major initiatives in the health sector, as part of Ayushman Bharat programme.
  • The initiatives are-
    (i) Health and Wellness Centre
    (ii) National Health Protection Scheme
  • The scheme will subsume the ongoing centrally sponsored schemes-
    (a) Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
    (b) Senior citizen health insurance scheme (SCHIS)

National Health Protection Scheme or Modicare

  • The National Health Protection Scheme that will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families, or around 50 crore people.
  • The scheme, set to be the world’s largest government-funded healthcare programme.
  • The coverage of up to ₹5 lakh a family a year will be provided for secondary- and tertiary-care hospitalisation.
  • The scheme will also include pre- and post-hospitalisation expenses.

Health and Wellness Centre

  • National Health Policy, 2017 has envisioned Health and Wellness Centres as the foundation of India’s health system.
  • Under this 1.5 lakh centers will bring health care system closer to the homes of people.
  • These centers will provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services.
  • The Budget has allocated Rs.1200 crore for this flagship programme.

 

Topic- GS Paper 2 – Health and Issues

Source- AIR

    4. Madhya Pradesh: Kuno notified as a national park

  • Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh notified as ‘national park’.
  • The state government has declared Kuno National Park with the inclusion of an area spread along 404.0758 sq.km in addition to the earlier notified area of 344.686 sq km making a total of 748.7618 sq km area.
  • Madhya Pradesh forest department was waiting for a change of government to notify Kuno as a ‘national park’ in compliance with the last condition imposed by a Supreme Court-appointed six-member committee for the much awaited ‘translocation of Asiatic lions from Gir in Gujarat.’

Related Information

Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary lies in the Sheopur district of northwestern Madhya Pradesh, a state in central India.
  • It is part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests ecoregion.
  • The Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary was selected as the reintroduction site for the endangered Asiatic lion because it is in the former range of the lions before it was hunted into extinction in about 1873.
  • The lions are to be reintroduced from Gir Wildlife Sanctuary in the neighboring Indian state of Gujarat where they are currently overpopulated.
  • This has involved the displacement of twenty-four villages of the Sahariya tribe, which had lived in the remote core area set aside for the reintroduction of the Asiatic lions, who agreed to move out.

Topic- GS Paper 3 – Biodiversity

Source- The Hindu

    5. Tribal community Baduga of Tamilnadu celebrates annual Heddaiyamman festival

  • The tribal Baduga community in the Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu is celebrating their annual Heddaiyamman festival.
  • Thousands of devotees clad in the traditional white dress of the community flocked to places like Kannerimukku and Corbetta near Kotagiri and Hallu Kerai near Coonoor to pay obeisance to their presiding deity.
  • People observe 48 days fast and walk-in religious processions, holding up a holy shaft which symbolizes the miracle of the traditional Badaga goddess.

Badugas

  • The Badugas are an indigenous tribal group in the Nilgiris and occupy more than 400 remote hill villages in the district.

Topic- GS Paper 1 – Art and Culture

Source- AIR

  1. Tansen Samman -2018
  • Sitarist Manju Mehta awarded ‘Tansen Samman’-2018.

Related Information

Tansen Samaroh

  • Tansen Samaroh or Tansen Sangeet Samaroh is celebrated every year in the month of December in Behat village of Gwalior district, Madhya Pradesh.
  • The event is organized near the tomb of Tansen by the Academy of the department of culture, Government of Madhya Pradesh.

Tansen Samman

  • The prestigious ‘National Tansen Samman’ is a musical award conferred to the exponents of Hindustani music.
  • The award is given to institutions for nurturing good music.
  • It is being held in Gwalior since the past 94 years.

Topic- GS Paper 1 – Art and Culture

Source- Bussiness standard

  1. Another olive ridley nesting site soon
  • The Odisha forest department is all set to add another olive ridley mass nesting site to its wildlife map.
  • Around 3-km stretch of the beach from Sunapur to Anantpur at Bahuda rookery is being developed as a possible olive ridley mass nesting site.

Related Information

Olive Ridley Turtle

  • The Olive ridley sea turtle also is known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle, are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world.
  • This species of sea turtle is found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
  • They can also be found in the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Vulnerable — IUCN Red list
  • Some important nesting sites in India – Hope Island of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (Andra Pradesh), Gahirmatha beach (Odisha), Astaranga coast (Odisha), Beach of Rushikulya River.

Topic- GS Paper 3 – Biodiversity

Source- The Hindu

  1. Thailand 1st Southeast Asian nation to legalize medical marijuana and kratom
  • Thailand approved the licensed use of marijuana and kratom for medical use and research.

Related Information

Cannabis (drug)

  • Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.
  • The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
  • Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within the food, or as an extract.
  • Cannabis is mostly used for recreation or as a medicinal drug, although it may also be used for spiritual purposes.

Topic- GS Paper 3 – Biodiversity

Source- Indian Express

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