1. NSE goBID: Mobile app by NSE
  • National Stock Exchange of India has announced the launch of its new mobile app and web-based platform ‘NSE goBID’ for retail investors to buy ‘Government Securities’
  • The ‘NSE goBID’ app will be available to all the registered investors with NSE’s trading members and will also facilitate trading members in acquiring new retail investors.
  • It will allow retail investors to make payment directly from their bank accounts using the ‘Unified Payments Interface (UPI)’ and internet banking.
  • The ‘NSE goBID’ platform will handle order collection, payment and refund that is currently required to be managed by trading members.
  • Through this app, retail investors can invest in treasury bills (T-Bills) of 91 days, 182 days and 364 days and various government bonds from one-year to almost 40 years.

Related Information

National Stock Exchange of India

  • The National Stock Exchange of India Limited is the leading stock exchange of India, located in Mumbai.
  • The NSE was established in 1992 as the first demutualized electronic exchange in the country.
  • NSE was the first exchange in the country to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based electronic trading system which offered the easy trading facility to the investors spread across the length and breadth of the country.

Topic- GS Paper 2 –Important portal

Source- The Hindu

  1. GROWTH-India telescope’s first science observation
  • The GROWTH-India telescope at the Indian Astronomical Observatory located in Hanle, Ladakh.
  • It has made its first science observation which is a follow-up study of a nova explosion.
  • The GROWTH-India telescope is part of the Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen.
  • Its goals are threefold:
    (a) Search for explosions in the optical regime whenever LIGO group detects a Binary Neutron Star merger
    (b) Study nearby young supernova explosions.
    (c) Study nearby asteroids.

Related Information


  • Nova is explosive events involving violent eruptions on the surface of white dwarf stars, leading to a temporary increase in brightness of the star.
  • This recurrent nova, named M31N-2008, has been observed to erupt several times.

Nova v/s Supernova

  • Nova and supernova are two features of the universe.
  • A nova is defined as “A star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then gradually returns to its original brightness over a period of weeks to years
  • Supernova is “a rare celestial phenomenon involving the explosion of most of the material in a star, resulting in an extremely bright, short-lived object that emits vast amounts of energy”
  • The major difference between a nova and a supernova is that in a supernova a lot of the object’s mass is ejected with the explosion.

Topic- GS Paper 3 –Science and Technology


  1. Sri Lankan Frogmouth: A Rare bird sighted in Kerala’s Chinnar sanctuary
  • Recently a rare bird species ‘Sri Lankan Frogmouth’ was seen in the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala.
  • It has sparked much interest among ornithologists since its presence was noticed on the eastern side of the Western Ghats for the first time.

Sri Lankan Frogmouth

  • It is usually found on the western side of the Western Ghats.
  • It is a relative of Nightjar, a crepuscular and nocturnal bird breeding in Europe and temperate Asia.
  • Its preferred habitat is a dry and open area with some small trees or bushes.
  • The main feature of this species is that it lays only one egg a year after the mating season in April-May.
  • The male bird destroys the nest and flies away with the newborn bird.
  • It has a unique habitat in Sri Lanka and is also believed to be present in the in Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra.
  • IUCN Status- Least Concern

Topic- GS Paper 3 –Wildlife and Biodiversity

Source- The Hindu

  1. State of the Indian Startup Ecosystem 2018 Report
  • The Union Minister of Commerce & Industry released the country’s first State of Indian Startup Ecosystem 2018 report.
  • It is prepared by ‘Inc 42’ which is an Indian information platform known for its coverage of the Indian startup ecosystem.
  • The report is an analysis to help drive strategic decision-making in governance, investments, growth, and other core aspects of the ecosystem.
  • As per the report, India currently has more than 49,000+ startups, 1500+ investors, 250+ incubators, and 26 unicorns.
  • The country is among the three largest startup ecosystems in the world in terms of its size, reach, and impact.

Related Information


  • Inc42 is a leading Indian media and information platform, known for its end-to-end coverage of the Indian startup ecosystem.
  • Inc42 work with the mission to empower, connect & grow the Indian Startup Ecosystem by providing a deep understanding of the startup economy through data-backed news and analysis.

Topic- GS Paper 2 – Important Reports

Source- Economics Times

  1. 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit
  • The 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit was held recently in Papua New Guinea.

Related Information

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

  • APEC is an inter-governmental forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promote free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
  • It aims to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration.


  • It works to help all residents of the Asia-Pacific participate in the growing economy.
  • APEC members also implement initiatives to increase energy efficiency and promote sustainable management of forest and marine resources.
  • APEC Members account for approximately 40% of the world’s population, approximately 54% of the world’s gross domestic product and about 44% of world trade.


  • India has requested membership in APEC and received initial support from the United States, Japan, Australia and Papua New Guinea.
  • Officials have decided not to allow India to join for various reasons, considering that India does not border the Pacific Ocean, which all current members do.

Topic- GS Paper 3 –International Organisation

Source- Business Standard

  1. World Toilet Day
  • World Toilet Day is observed all over the world on 19th November 2018.
  • 2018 Theme: “When Nature Calls”

Related Information

  • World Toilet Day (WTD) is an official United Nations international observance day on 19 November to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.
  • World Toilet Day was established by the World Toilet Organization in 2001.
  • Sustainable Development Goal 6 aims to achieve sanitation for all and end open defecation.
  • World Toilet Day exists to inform, engage and inspire people to take action toward achieving this goal.

World Toilet Day events in India

  • The Government released the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Cleaning of Sewers and Septic Tanks for use by field staffs who respond to sanitary sewer overflows or spills, to ensure their safety and prevent critical accidents.
  • AToilet Monitoring Tool Dashboard launched by the Ministry that would serve as a governance and monitoring tool for Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
  • This tool will provide a true picture of the condition of public toilets in their area and help them take corrective action.
  • The book of case studies named ‘Transforming Urban Landscapes of India: Success Stories on Sanitation’ was released on National Workshop on Urban Sanitation.
  • Documents named ‘Cleaning Urban India’ and ‘Advisory on Public and Community Toilets’ and a coffee table book highlighting activities done in urban areas during the Swachhata hi Seva campaign was released.
  • World Toilet Summit -2018 was organized by the World Toilet Organisation and Ecosan Services Foundation in Mumbai.
  • Swachh Bharat World Toilet Day Contest was organized by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • “Toilet Parliament” was organized in Vajidpur village in Firozabad district of Uttar Pradesh.

Topic- GS Paper 2 –Governance


  1. Government to aid cancer care in Karnataka
  • The mobile unit, named Asha Kirana, was flagged off from C-DAC to be delivered to Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru.
  • This is a full-fledged, self-sufficient mobile medical unit for cancer screening, including all basic diagnostics and ultrasound scan, fully designed and equipped by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).
  • C-DAC has developed its own software with SNOMED CT-Dicom compatibility so that the digital medical images and electronic medical records of patients can be transmitted using 4G connectivity.

Related Information

Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)

  • The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing is an Autonomous Scientific Society of Department of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.

Topic- GS Paper 2 –Governance

Source- Business Standard

  1. Project maps butterfly migration in south India
  • It is the first such initiative in the country in which The Ferns Naturalists’ Society (FNS), Wayanad, Travancore Natural History Society (TNHS), and the Malabar Natural History Society (MNHS) have joined hands to launch a citizen science project to map the migratory path of butterflies in south India
  • Usually, butterfly migration starts during October-November with the onset of the northeast monsoon, from the plains to the ghats, and during April-May, just before the advent of the southwest monsoon, from the ghats to the plains.

Related Information

  • Recently, Parambikulam Tiger Reserve (Kerala) one of India’s protected forest areas spotted with different types of butterflies.
  • A recent survey held in the reserve spotted 221 varieties of butterflies, 11 of which were endemic to the area

Dominant species

  • A recent study revealed that four species of milkweed butterflies are mainly involved in the migration — the Dakhan Dark Blue Tiger, Oriental Blue Tiger, Double-branded Black Crow and Indian Common Crow.
  • The migration takes place across the plains of South India to the southern part of the Western Ghats.

Topic- GS Paper 3 –Wildlife and Biodiversity

Source-The Hindu

  1. 9th CGD Bidding Round
  • Prime Minister would lay the Foundation Stones of City Gas Distribution (CGD) Projects in 65 Geographical Areas (GAs) under the 9th CGD Bidding Round.
  • It would herald the availability of convenient, environment-friendly and cheaper natural gas for almost half of the country’s population spread across 26 States and Union Territories upto 9th round.

Related Information

CGD Network

  • CGD networks have been focused to increase the availability of cleaner cooking fuel (i.e. PNG) and transportation fuel (i.e. CNG) to the citizens of the country.
  • The expansion of CGD network will also benefit to industrial and commercial units by ensuring the uninterrupted supply of natural gas.

Why Natural Gas?

  • Natural gas is a superior fuel as compared with coal and other liquid fuels being an environmentally friendly, safer and cheaper fuel.
  • Natural Gas (as CNG) is cheaper by 60% as compared with petrol and 45 % w.r.t. Diesel.
  • Similarly, Natural Gas (as PNG) is cheaper by 40 % as compared with market price LPG.


  • India made a commitment in the COP21 Paris Convention in December 2015 that, by 2030 it would reduce carbon emission by 33% of 2005 levels.
  • Natural gas, as domestic kitchen fuel, as fuel the for transport sector as well as a fuel for industries and commercial units, can play a significant role in reducing carbon emission.

Topic- GS Paper 2 –Governance


   10. Fuego volcano erupted for the 5th time this year

Fuego Volcano

  • It is an active stratovolcano in Guatemala, on the borders of Chimaltenango, Escuintla and Sacatepéquez departments.
  • It has erupted most recently in June 2018.

Topic-GS-1- Physical Geography

Source- BBC