1. Kashmir Stag( Hangul )
  • Recently it is found that Kashmir Stag has begun using an old migratory route has given fresh hoped to conservationists.

Kashmir stag

  • The Kashmir stag, also called hangul, is a subspecies of elk native to India.
  • It is found in dense riverine forests in the high valleys and mountains of the Kashmir Valley and northern Chamba district in Himachal Pradesh.
  • In Kashmir, it’s found in the Dachigam National Park where it receives protection but elsewhere it is more at risk.
  • Earlier believed to be a subspecies of red deer, a number of mitochondrial DNA genetic studies have revealed that the hangul is part of the Asian clade of the elk.
  • It is the state animal of Jammu and Kashmir.

Distribution and ecology

  • This deer found in dense riverine forests, high valleys, and mountains of the Kashmir valley and northern Chamba in Himachal Pradesh.
  • In Kashmir, it’s found in the Dachigam National Park (at elevations of 3,035 meters), Rajparian Wildlife Sanctuary, Overa Aru, Sind Valley, and in the forests of Kishtwar&Bhaderwah.

Dachigam National Park

  • The Dachigam National Park (DNP) is located at Umaria district in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).
  • The main animal species that Dachigam is known for is the hangul (or the Kashmir stag).
  • Other species include Musk deer, Leopard, Himalayan serow, Himalayan grey langur, Leopard cat, Himalayan black bear, etc.

Topic- GS Paper 3 – Environment

Source- The Hindu

  1. Cabinet approves Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 2018
  • Recently The Union Cabinet has approved the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2018 which was last reviewed and issued in 2011.
  • In 2014, Ministry of Environment constituted a committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Shailesh Nayak to recommend changes in the CRZ Notification, 2011 and submitted its recommendation in 2015.
  • CRZ 2018 notification includes many recommendations of the committee.


  • The proposed CRZ Notification, 2018 will lead to enhanced activities in the coastal regions thereby promoting economic growth while also respecting the conservation principles of coastal regions.
  • It will not only result in significant employment generation but also to a better life and add value to the economy of India. The new notification is expected to rejuvenate the coastal areas while reducing their vulnerabilities.

Silent Features:

  1. Allowing FSI as per current norms in CRZ areas:
  2. In the CRZ, 2018 Notification, ‘Floor Space Index (FSI)’ or ‘Floor Area Ratio (FAR)’ has been decided to de-freeze for CRZ-II (Urban) areas.
  3. Earlier, as per CRZ 2011, it was frozen.
  4. CRZ 2018 permits FSI for construction projects. This will enable redevelopment of these areas to meet the emerging needs.
  5. Densely populated rural areas to be afforded greater opportunity for development:
    For Rural areas, two separate categories have been stipulated as below:
  1. CRZ-III A –
    These are densely populated rural areas with a population density of 2161 per square kilometer as per 2011 Census.
    These areas will have a No Development Zone (NDZ) of 50 meters from the High Tide Line (HTL) as against 200 meters from HTL in the CRZ 2011.
  2. CRZ-III B –
    These rural areas have a population density of below 2161 per square kilometer as per 2011 Census.
    Such areas will continue to have an NDZ of 200 meters from the HTL.
  • Tourism infrastructure for basic amenities to be promoted:
    i) Temporary tourism facilities such as shacks, toilet blocks, change rooms, drinking water facilities etc. have now been permitted in Beaches.
    ii) Such temporary tourism facilities are also now permissible in the ‘No Development Zone (NDZ)’ of the CRZ-III areas as per the Notification.
    iii) However, a minimum distance of 10 m from HTL should be maintained for setting up of such facilities.
  • CRZ Clearances in various zones have been streamlined.
  • A No Development Zone (NDZ) of 20 meters has been stipulated for all Islands.
  • All Ecologically Sensitive Areas have been accorded special importance.
  • Specific guidelines related to their conservation and management plans have been drawn up as a part of the CRZ Notification.
    a) Ministry of Environment has been tasked to clear only those projects which are located in, i) CRZ-I (Ecologically Sensitive Areas) ii) CRZ IV (area covered between Low Tide Line and 12 Nautical Miles seaward).
    b) The powers for clearances with respect to CRZ-II and III have been delegated at the State level with necessary guidance.


  • With the objective of conservation and protection of the coastal environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change notified the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification in 1991, which was subsequently revised in 2011.

Topic- GS Paper 2 – Governance


  1. Digital Deter: An app to cure your mobile addiction
  • Doctors at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) have come up with a mobile app Digital Deter application that helps people reduce their mobile usage.

Related Information

  • The app asks users to specify their addiction-related symptoms, such as sleep disturbance, eye strain, loneliness, boredom, or excess Facebook usage.
  • It asks users if their mobile usage affects their academics, work or interpersonal relationships, and has a feature where you also have the option of sharing your progress with friends.
  • The study found that 75.6% of the app’s users changed their mobile use pattern and showed a significant reduction in the time spent on technology.

Topic- GS Paper 2 – Health Issues

Source- The Hindu

  1. Centre extends AFSPA in Nagaland
  • Recently, the entire State of Nagaland has been declared ‘disturbed area’ for six more months, till June 2019, under the controversial AFSPA.
  • AFSPA empowers security forces to conduct operations anywhere and arrest anyone without any prior notice.
  • Article 355 of the Constitution of India confers power to the Central Government to protect every state from internal disturbance.

Related Information

Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act

  • Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts (AFSPA), are Acts of the Parliament of India that grant special powers to the Indian Armed Forces in which each act terms “disturbed areas”.
  • According to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976 once declared ‘disturbed’, the area has to maintain the status quo for a minimum of 3 months.
  • One such Act passed on September 11, 1958, was applicable to the Naga Hills, then part of Assam.
  • In the following decades it spread, one by one, to the other Seven Sister States in India’s northeast(at present it is in force in Assam, Nagaland, Manipur excluding Imphal municipal council area, Changlang, Longding, and Tirap districts of Arunachal Pradesh).
  • Another one passed in 1983 and applicable to Punjab and Chandigarh was withdrawn in 1997, roughly 14 years after it came to force.


  • The Armed Forces Special Powers Ordinance of 1942 was promulgated by the British on 15 August 1942 to suppress the Quit India Movement.
  • Modeled on these lines, four ordinance-
    • the Bengal Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance
    • the Assam Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance
    • the East Bengal Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance
    • the United provinces Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance
  • These ordinances were invoked by the central government to deal with the internal security situation in the country in 1947 which emerged due to the Partition of India.

Topic- GS Paper 3 – Defence

Source- The Hindu

  1. ASI declared 6 monuments of national importance in 2018
  • Recently six monuments declared protected and of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 2018.

These monuments are:

  1. The 125-year-old Old High Court Building in Nagpur, Maharashtra
  2. Two Mughal-era monuments in Agra — Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana.
  3. The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan’s Alwar district
  4. The Group of Temples at RanipurJharail in Odisha’s Bolangir district
  5. The Vishnu Temple in Kotali, Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand.

Related Information

  • In 2016 and 2017, no new monument was included in the list of sites of national importance.
  • The last monument to be included in the list, in 2015, was the Vishnu Temple in Nadavayal in Kerala’s Wayanad district.

Note:  A “Monument of National Importance” is designated by the Archaeological Survey of India and includes the following.

  1. The remains of an ancient monument.
  2. The site of an ancient monument.
  3. The land on which there are fences or protective covering structures for preserving the monument.
  4. Land by means of which people can freely access the monument.

Topic- GS Paper 1 – Art and Culture

Source- The Hindu

  1. Makaravilakku festival begins in Sabarimala

Related Information

  • The festival includes the Thiruvabharanam (sacred ornaments of Ayyappan) procession and a congregation at the hill shrine of Sabarimala.
  • Makaravilakku is a part of a religious ritual that is practiced in the past by the tribes in the forest of Ponnambalamedu (the place where Makaravilakku appears) and then later secretly continued by The Travancore Devaswom Board (TDB).
  • It has been practiced for more than hundreds of years by the tribes.


  • Sabarimala is a temple complex located at the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the state of Kerala, India.
  • The temple is dedicated to the Hindu deity Ayyappan also known as Dharma Sastha, who according to belief is the son of Shiva and feminine incarnation of Vishnu.
  • The traditions of Sabarimala are a confluence of Shaivism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism, and other Śramaṇa traditions.

Sabarimala Case Verdict

  • In response to a PIL filed in 1991, the Kerala High Court had observed the restriction of entry of women (in the 10-50 age groups) to the temple was in accordance with the usage prevalent from time immemorial.
  • In lieu of this, it had directed the Devaswom Board to uphold the customary traditions of the temple.
  • However, on 28th September 2018, the Supreme Court of India overturned the ban on the entry of women, declaring that the selective ban on women was unconstitutional and discriminatory.

Topic- GS Paper 1 – Art and Culture

Source- The Hindu

  1. Center launches a sanitary pad-making initiative
  • Recently Ministry of Petroleum launched the Ujjwala Sanitary Napkins initiative.
  • This initiative launched with the help of three oil marketing companies – IOCL, BPCL, and HPCL

Related Information

  • This mission is a part of the CSR initiative of OMCs in Odisha.
  • It is aimed to educate women on female hygiene and health, improve accessibility to low cost eco-friendly sanitary pads and boost rural employment and economy.
  • The Ujjwala pads will be made of virgin wood pulp sheet, non-woven white sheet and a gel sheet which are all biodegradable in nature and will leave a minimal carbon footprint.

Topic- GS Paper 2 – Governance

Source- The Hindu

  1. Ross Island is now Netaji Dweep
  • Recently Prime Minister announced the renaming of three islands of the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago as a tribute to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • The Ross Island was renamed Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep, Neil Island as Shaheed Dweep and the Havelock Island as Swaraj Dweep.

Related Information

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

  • The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, one of the seven union territories of India, are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
  • The territory is about 150 km (93 mi) north of Aceh in Indonesia and separated from Thailand and Myanmar by the Andaman Sea.
  • It comprises two island groups, the Andaman Islands (partly) and the Nicobar Islands, separated by the 150 km wide Ten Degree Channel (on the 10°N parallel),
  • The Andaman Sea lies to the east and the Bay of Bengal to the west.
  • The islands host the Andaman and Nicobar Command, the only tri-service geographical command of the Indian Armed Forces.
  • The Andaman Islands are home to the Sentinelese people, an uncontacted people.
  • The Sentinelese are the only people currently known to not have reached further than a Paleolithic level of technology.

Topic- GS Paper 1 – Art and Culture

Source- The Hindu